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java.awt
public class: ScrollPane [javadoc | source]
java.lang.Object
   Container
      java.awt.ScrollPane

All Implemented Interfaces:
    Accessible

A container class which implements automatic horizontal and/or vertical scrolling for a single child component. The display policy for the scrollbars can be set to:
  1. as needed: scrollbars created and shown only when needed by scrollpane
  2. always: scrollbars created and always shown by the scrollpane
  3. never: scrollbars never created or shown by the scrollpane

The state of the horizontal and vertical scrollbars is represented by two ScrollPaneAdjustable objects (one for each dimension) which implement the Adjustable interface. The API provides methods to access those objects such that the attributes on the Adjustable object (such as unitIncrement, value, etc.) can be manipulated.

Certain adjustable properties (minimum, maximum, blockIncrement, and visibleAmount) are set internally by the scrollpane in accordance with the geometry of the scrollpane and its child and these should not be set by programs using the scrollpane.

If the scrollbar display policy is defined as "never", then the scrollpane can still be programmatically scrolled using the setScrollPosition() method and the scrollpane will move and clip the child's contents appropriately. This policy is useful if the program needs to create and manage its own adjustable controls.

The placement of the scrollbars is controlled by platform-specific properties set by the user outside of the program.

The initial size of this container is set to 100x100, but can be reset using setSize().

Scrolling with the wheel on a wheel-equipped mouse is enabled by default. This can be disabled using setWheelScrollingEnabled. Wheel scrolling can be customized by setting the block and unit increment of the horizontal and vertical Adjustables. For information on how mouse wheel events are dispatched, see the class description for MouseWheelEvent .

Insets are used to define any space used by scrollbars and any borders created by the scroll pane. getInsets() can be used to get the current value for the insets. If the value of scrollbarsAlwaysVisible is false, then the value of the insets will change dynamically depending on whether the scrollbars are currently visible or not.

Nested Class Summary:
class  ScrollPane.PeerFixer   
protected class  ScrollPane.AccessibleAWTScrollPane  This class implements accessibility support for the ScrollPane class. It provides an implementation of the Java Accessibility API appropriate to scroll pane user-interface elements. 
Field Summary
public static final  int SCROLLBARS_AS_NEEDED    Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbar should be shown only when the size of the child exceeds the size of the scrollpane in the horizontal/vertical dimension. 
public static final  int SCROLLBARS_ALWAYS    Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbars should always be shown regardless of the respective sizes of the scrollpane and child. 
public static final  int SCROLLBARS_NEVER    Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbars should never be shown regardless of the respective sizes of the scrollpane and child. 
Constructor:
 public ScrollPane() throws HeadlessException 
    Create a new scrollpane container with a scrollbar display policy of "as needed".
    Throws:
    HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless() returns true
    Also see:
    java.awt.GraphicsEnvironment#isHeadless
 public ScrollPane(int scrollbarDisplayPolicy) throws HeadlessException 
    Create a new scrollpane container.
    Parameters:
    scrollbarDisplayPolicy - policy for when scrollbars should be shown
    Throws:
    IllegalArgumentException - if the specified scrollbar display policy is invalid
    HeadlessException - if GraphicsEnvironment.isHeadless() returns true
    Also see:
    java.awt.GraphicsEnvironment#isHeadless
Method from java.awt.ScrollPane Summary:
addImpl,   addNotify,   autoProcessMouseWheel,   calculateChildSize,   constructComponentName,   doLayout,   eventTypeEnabled,   getAccessibleContext,   getHAdjustable,   getHScrollbarHeight,   getScrollPosition,   getScrollbarDisplayPolicy,   getVAdjustable,   getVScrollbarWidth,   getViewportSize,   isWheelScrollingEnabled,   layout,   paramString,   printComponents,   processMouseWheelEvent,   setLayout,   setScrollPosition,   setScrollPosition,   setWheelScrollingEnabled
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from java.awt.ScrollPane Detail:
 protected final  void addImpl(Component comp,
    Object constraints,
    int index) 
    Adds the specified component to this scroll pane container. If the scroll pane has an existing child component, that component is removed and the new one is added.
 public  void addNotify() 
    Creates the scroll pane's peer.
  void autoProcessMouseWheel(MouseWheelEvent e) 
 Dimension calculateChildSize() 
    Determine the size to allocate the child component. If the viewport area is bigger than the childs preferred size then the child is allocated enough to fill the viewport, otherwise the child is given it's preferred size.
 String constructComponentName() 
    Construct a name for this component. Called by getName() when the name is null.
 public  void doLayout() 
    Lays out this container by resizing its child to its preferred size. If the new preferred size of the child causes the current scroll position to be invalid, the scroll position is set to the closest valid position.
 protected boolean eventTypeEnabled(int type) 
    If wheel scrolling is enabled, we return true for MouseWheelEvents
 public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext() 
    Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this ScrollPane. For scroll panes, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleAWTScrollPane. A new AccessibleAWTScrollPane instance is created if necessary.
 public Adjustable getHAdjustable() 
    Returns the ScrollPaneAdjustable object which represents the state of the horizontal scrollbar. The declared return type of this method is Adjustable to maintain backward compatibility.
 public int getHScrollbarHeight() 
    Returns the height that would be occupied by a horizontal scrollbar, which is independent of whether it is currently displayed by the scroll pane or not.
 public Point getScrollPosition() 
    Returns the current x,y position within the child which is displayed at the 0,0 location of the scrolled panel's view port. This is a convenience method which interfaces with the adjustable objects which represent the state of the scrollbars.
 public int getScrollbarDisplayPolicy() 
    Returns the display policy for the scrollbars.
 public Adjustable getVAdjustable() 
    Returns the ScrollPaneAdjustable object which represents the state of the vertical scrollbar. The declared return type of this method is Adjustable to maintain backward compatibility.
 public int getVScrollbarWidth() 
    Returns the width that would be occupied by a vertical scrollbar, which is independent of whether it is currently displayed by the scroll pane or not.
 public Dimension getViewportSize() 
    Returns the current size of the scroll pane's view port.
 public boolean isWheelScrollingEnabled() 
    Indicates whether or not scrolling will take place in response to the mouse wheel. Wheel scrolling is enabled by default.
 public  void layout() 
Deprecated! As - of JDK version 1.1, replaced by doLayout().

 public String paramString() 
    Returns a string representing the state of this ScrollPane. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.
 public  void printComponents(Graphics g) 
    Prints the component in this scroll pane.
 protected  void processMouseWheelEvent(MouseWheelEvent e) 
    Process mouse wheel events that are delivered to this ScrollPane by scrolling an appropriate amount.

    Note that if the event parameter is null the behavior is unspecified and may result in an exception.

 public final  void setLayout(LayoutManager mgr) 
    Sets the layout manager for this container. This method is overridden to prevent the layout mgr from being set.
 public  void setScrollPosition(Point p) 
    Scrolls to the specified position within the child component. A call to this method is only valid if the scroll pane contains a child and the specified position is within legal scrolling bounds of the child. Specifying a position outside of the legal scrolling bounds of the child will scroll to the closest legal position. Legal bounds are defined to be the rectangle: x = 0, y = 0, width = (child width - view port width), height = (child height - view port height). This is a convenience method which interfaces with the Adjustable objects which represent the state of the scrollbars.
 public  void setScrollPosition(int x,
    int y) 
    Scrolls to the specified position within the child component. A call to this method is only valid if the scroll pane contains a child. Specifying a position outside of the legal scrolling bounds of the child will scroll to the closest legal position. Legal bounds are defined to be the rectangle: x = 0, y = 0, width = (child width - view port width), height = (child height - view port height). This is a convenience method which interfaces with the Adjustable objects which represent the state of the scrollbars.
 public  void setWheelScrollingEnabled(boolean handleWheel) 
    Enables/disables scrolling in response to movement of the mouse wheel. Wheel scrolling is enabled by default.