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java.awt.image
abstract public class: ColorModel [javadoc | source]
java.lang.Object
   java.awt.image.ColorModel

All Implemented Interfaces:
    Transparency

Direct Known Subclasses:
    PackedColorModel, ComponentColorModel, IndexColorModel, DirectColorModel

The ColorModel abstract class encapsulates the methods for translating a pixel value to color components (for example, red, green, and blue) and an alpha component. In order to render an image to the screen, a printer, or another image, pixel values must be converted to color and alpha components. As arguments to or return values from methods of this class, pixels are represented as 32-bit ints or as arrays of primitive types. The number, order, and interpretation of color components for a ColorModel is specified by its ColorSpace. A ColorModel used with pixel data that does not include alpha information treats all pixels as opaque, which is an alpha value of 1.0.

This ColorModel class supports two representations of pixel values. A pixel value can be a single 32-bit int or an array of primitive types. The Java(tm) Platform 1.0 and 1.1 APIs represented pixels as single byte or single int values. For purposes of the ColorModel class, pixel value arguments were passed as ints. The Java(tm) 2 Platform API introduced additional classes for representing images. With BufferedImage or RenderedImage objects, based on Raster and SampleModel classes, pixel values might not be conveniently representable as a single int. Consequently, ColorModel now has methods that accept pixel values represented as arrays of primitive types. The primitive type used by a particular ColorModel object is called its transfer type.

ColorModel objects used with images for which pixel values are not conveniently representable as a single int throw an IllegalArgumentException when methods taking a single int pixel argument are called. Subclasses of ColorModel must specify the conditions under which this occurs. This does not occur with DirectColorModel or IndexColorModel objects.

Currently, the transfer types supported by the Java 2D(tm) API are DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, DataBuffer.TYPE_INT, DataBuffer.TYPE_SHORT, DataBuffer.TYPE_FLOAT, and DataBuffer.TYPE_DOUBLE. Most rendering operations will perform much faster when using ColorModels and images based on the first three of these types. In addition, some image filtering operations are not supported for ColorModels and images based on the latter three types. The transfer type for a particular ColorModel object is specified when the object is created, either explicitly or by default. All subclasses of ColorModel must specify what the possible transfer types are and how the number of elements in the primitive arrays representing pixels is determined.

For BufferedImages, the transfer type of its Raster and of the Raster object's SampleModel (available from the getTransferType methods of these classes) must match that of the ColorModel. The number of elements in an array representing a pixel for the Raster and SampleModel (available from the getNumDataElements methods of these classes) must match that of the ColorModel.

The algorithm used to convert from pixel values to color and alpha components varies by subclass. For example, there is not necessarily a one-to-one correspondence between samples obtained from the SampleModel of a BufferedImage object's Raster and color/alpha components. Even when there is such a correspondence, the number of bits in a sample is not necessarily the same as the number of bits in the corresponding color/alpha component. Each subclass must specify how the translation from pixel values to color/alpha components is done.

Methods in the ColorModel class use two different representations of color and alpha components - a normalized form and an unnormalized form. In the normalized form, each component is a float value between some minimum and maximum values. For the alpha component, the minimum is 0.0 and the maximum is 1.0. For color components the minimum and maximum values for each component can be obtained from the ColorSpace object. These values will often be 0.0 and 1.0 (e.g. normalized component values for the default sRGB color space range from 0.0 to 1.0), but some color spaces have component values with different upper and lower limits. These limits can be obtained using the getMinValue and getMaxValue methods of the ColorSpace class. Normalized color component values are not premultiplied. All ColorModels must support the normalized form.

In the unnormalized form, each component is an unsigned integral value between 0 and 2n - 1, where n is the number of significant bits for a particular component. If pixel values for a particular ColorModel represent color samples premultiplied by the alpha sample, unnormalized color component values are also premultiplied. The unnormalized form is used only with instances of ColorModel whose ColorSpace has minimum component values of 0.0 for all components and maximum values of 1.0 for all components. The unnormalized form for color and alpha components can be a convenient representation for ColorModels whose normalized component values all lie between 0.0 and 1.0. In such cases the integral value 0 maps to 0.0 and the value 2n - 1 maps to 1.0. In other cases, such as when the normalized component values can be either negative or positive, the unnormalized form is not convenient. Such ColorModel objects throw an IllegalArgumentException when methods involving an unnormalized argument are called. Subclasses of ColorModel must specify the conditions under which this occurs.

Field Summary
protected  int pixel_bits    The total number of bits in the pixel. 
 int[] nBits     
 int transparency     
 boolean supportsAlpha     
 boolean isAlphaPremultiplied     
 int numComponents     
 int numColorComponents     
 ColorSpace colorSpace     
 int colorSpaceType     
 int maxBits     
 boolean is_sRGB     
protected  int transferType    Data type of the array used to represent pixel values. 
static  byte[] l8Tos8     
static  byte[] s8Tol8     
static  byte[] l16Tos8     
static  short[] s8Tol16     
static  Map g8Tos8Map     
static  Map lg16Toog8Map     
static  Map g16Tos8Map     
static  Map lg16Toog16Map     
Constructor:
 public ColorModel(int bits) 
 protected ColorModel(int pixel_bits,
    int[] bits,
    ColorSpace cspace,
    boolean hasAlpha,
    boolean isAlphaPremultiplied,
    int transparency,
    int transferType) 
    Constructs a ColorModel that translates pixel values to color/alpha components. Color components will be in the specified ColorSpace. pixel_bits is the number of bits in the pixel values. The bits array specifies the number of significant bits per color and alpha component. Its length should be the number of components in the ColorSpace if there is no alpha information in the pixel values, or one more than this number if there is alpha information. hasAlpha indicates whether or not alpha information is present. The boolean isAlphaPremultiplied specifies how to interpret pixel values in which color and alpha information are represented as separate spatial bands. If the boolean is true, color samples are assumed to have been multiplied by the alpha sample. The transparency specifies what alpha values can be represented by this color model. The transfer type is the type of primitive array used to represent pixel values. Note that the bits array contains the number of significant bits per color/alpha component after the translation from pixel values. For example, for an IndexColorModel with pixel_bits equal to 16, the bits array might have four elements with each element set to 8.
    Parameters:
    pixel_bits - the number of bits in the pixel values
    bits - array that specifies the number of significant bits per color and alpha component
    cspace - the specified ColorSpace
    hasAlpha - true if alpha information is present; false otherwise
    isAlphaPremultiplied - true if color samples are assumed to be premultiplied by the alpha samples; false otherwise
    transparency - what alpha values can be represented by this color model
    transferType - the type of the array used to represent pixel values
    Throws:
    IllegalArgumentException - if the length of the bit array is less than the number of color or alpha components in this ColorModel, or if the transparency is not a valid value.
    IllegalArgumentException - if the sum of the number of bits in bits is less than 1 or if any of the elements in bits is less than 0.
    Also see:
    java.awt.Transparency
Method from java.awt.image.ColorModel Summary:
coerceData,   createCompatibleSampleModel,   createCompatibleWritableRaster,   equals,   finalize,   getAlpha,   getAlpha,   getAlphaRaster,   getBlue,   getBlue,   getColorSpace,   getComponentSize,   getComponentSize,   getComponents,   getComponents,   getDataElement,   getDataElement,   getDataElements,   getDataElements,   getDataElements,   getDefaultTransferType,   getGray16TosRGB8LUT,   getGray8TosRGB8LUT,   getGreen,   getGreen,   getLinearGray16ToOtherGray16LUT,   getLinearGray16ToOtherGray8LUT,   getLinearRGB16TosRGB8LUT,   getLinearRGB8TosRGB8LUT,   getNormalizedComponents,   getNormalizedComponents,   getNumColorComponents,   getNumComponents,   getPixelSize,   getRGB,   getRGB,   getRGBdefault,   getRed,   getRed,   getTransferType,   getTransparency,   getUnnormalizedComponents,   getsRGB8ToLinearRGB16LUT,   getsRGB8ToLinearRGB8LUT,   hasAlpha,   hashCode,   isAlphaPremultiplied,   isCompatibleRaster,   isCompatibleSampleModel,   isLinearGRAYspace,   isLinearRGBspace,   loadLibraries,   toString
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from java.awt.image.ColorModel Detail:
 public ColorModel coerceData(WritableRaster raster,
    boolean isAlphaPremultiplied) 
    Forces the raster data to match the state specified in the isAlphaPremultiplied variable, assuming the data is currently correctly described by this ColorModel. It may multiply or divide the color raster data by alpha, or do nothing if the data is in the correct state. If the data needs to be coerced, this method will also return an instance of this ColorModel with the isAlphaPremultiplied flag set appropriately. This method will throw a UnsupportedOperationException if it is not supported by this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public SampleModel createCompatibleSampleModel(int w,
    int h) 
    Creates a SampleModel with the specified width and height that has a data layout compatible with this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public WritableRaster createCompatibleWritableRaster(int w,
    int h) 
    Creates a WritableRaster with the specified width and height that has a data layout (SampleModel) compatible with this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public boolean equals(Object obj) 
    Tests if the specified Object is an instance of ColorModel and if it equals this ColorModel.
 public  void finalize() 
    Disposes of system resources associated with this ColorModel once this ColorModel is no longer referenced.
 abstract public int getAlpha(int pixel)
    Returns the alpha component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int.
 public int getAlpha(Object inData) 
    Returns the alpha component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
 public WritableRaster getAlphaRaster(WritableRaster raster) 
    Returns a Raster representing the alpha channel of an image, extracted from the input Raster, provided that pixel values of this ColorModel represent color and alpha information as separate spatial bands (e.g. ComponentColorModel and DirectColorModel). This method assumes that Raster objects associated with such a ColorModel store the alpha band, if present, as the last band of image data. Returns null if there is no separate spatial alpha channel associated with this ColorModel. If this is an IndexColorModel which has alpha in the lookup table, this method will return null since there is no spatially discrete alpha channel. This method will create a new Raster (but will share the data array). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method to get any behavior other than returning null because the implementation in this abstract class returns null.
 abstract public int getBlue(int pixel)
    Returns the blue color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value, for example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the blue value is 0.
 public int getBlue(Object inData) 
    Returns the blue color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the blue value will be 0. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
 public final ColorSpace getColorSpace() 
    Returns the ColorSpace associated with this ColorModel.
 public int[] getComponentSize() 
    Returns an array of the number of bits per color/alpha component. The array contains the color components in the order specified by the ColorSpace, followed by the alpha component, if present.
 public int getComponentSize(int componentIdx) 
    Returns the number of bits for the specified color/alpha component. Color components are indexed in the order specified by the ColorSpace. Typically, this order reflects the name of the color space type. For example, for TYPE_RGB, index 0 corresponds to red, index 1 to green, and index 2 to blue. If this ColorModel supports alpha, the alpha component corresponds to the index following the last color component.
 public int[] getComponents(int pixel,
    int[] components,
    int offset) 
    Returns an array of unnormalized color/alpha components given a pixel in this ColorModel. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int or if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. For example, this method can be used to retrieve the components for a specific pixel value in a DirectColorModel. If the components array is null, a new array will be allocated. The components array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the components array starting at offset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public int[] getComponents(Object pixel,
    int[] components,
    int offset) 
    Returns an array of unnormalized color/alpha components given a pixel in this ColorModel. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If pixel is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. This method can be used to retrieve the components for a specific pixel value in any ColorModel. If the components array is null, a new array will be allocated. The components array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the components array starting at offset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public int getDataElement(int[] components,
    int offset) 
    Returns a pixel value represented as an int in this ColorModel, given an array of unnormalized color/alpha components. This method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int or if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public int getDataElement(float[] normComponents,
    int normOffset) 
    Returns a pixel value represented as an int in this ColorModel, given an array of normalized color/alpha components. This method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class first converts from the normalized form to the unnormalized form and then calls getDataElement(int[], int). Subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.
 public Object getDataElements(int rgb,
    Object pixel) 
    Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an integer pixel representation in the default RGB color model. This array can then be passed to the WritableRaster#setDataElements method of a WritableRaster object. If the pixel variable is null, a new array will be allocated. If pixel is not null, it must be a primitive array of type transferType; otherwise, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. The pixel array is returned. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public Object getDataElements(int[] components,
    int offset,
    Object obj) 
    Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an array of unnormalized color/alpha components. This array can then be passed to the setDataElements method of a WritableRaster object. This method will throw an IllegalArgumentException if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). If the obj variable is null, a new array will be allocated. If obj is not null, it must be a primitive array of type transferType; otherwise, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if obj is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public Object getDataElements(float[] normComponents,
    int normOffset,
    Object obj) 
    Returns a data element array representation of a pixel in this ColorModel, given an array of normalized color/alpha components. This array can then be passed to the setDataElements method of a WritableRaster object. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). If the obj variable is null, a new array will be allocated. If obj is not null, it must be a primitive array of type transferType; otherwise, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if obj is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class first converts from the normalized form to the unnormalized form and then calls getDataElement(int[], int, Object). Subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.
 static int getDefaultTransferType(int pixel_bits) 
 static byte[] getGray16TosRGB8LUT(ICC_ColorSpace grayCS) 
 static byte[] getGray8TosRGB8LUT(ICC_ColorSpace grayCS) 
 abstract public int getGreen(int pixel)
    Returns the green color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the green value is 0.
 public int getGreen(Object inData) 
    Returns the green color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. The returned value will be a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the green value is 0. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
 static short[] getLinearGray16ToOtherGray16LUT(ICC_ColorSpace grayCS) 
 static byte[] getLinearGray16ToOtherGray8LUT(ICC_ColorSpace grayCS) 
 static byte[] getLinearRGB16TosRGB8LUT() 
 static byte[] getLinearRGB8TosRGB8LUT() 
 public float[] getNormalizedComponents(Object pixel,
    float[] normComponents,
    int normOffset) 
    Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in normalized form, given a pixel in this ColorModel. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If pixel is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if pixel is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. Normalized components are float values between a per component minimum and maximum specified by the ColorSpace object for this ColorModel. If the normComponents array is null, a new array will be allocated. The normComponents array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the normComponents array starting at normOffset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class first retrieves color and alpha components in the unnormalized form using getComponents(Object, int[], int) and then calls getNormalizedComponents(int[], int, float[], int). Subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.
 public float[] getNormalizedComponents(int[] components,
    int offset,
    float[] normComponents,
    int normOffset) 
    Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in normalized form, given an unnormalized component array. Unnormalized components are unsigned integral values between 0 and 2n - 1, where n is the number of bits for a particular component. Normalized components are float values between a per component minimum and maximum specified by the ColorSpace object for this ColorModel. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. If the normComponents array is null, a new array will be allocated. The normComponents array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the normComponents array starting at normOffset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the normComponents array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at normOffset). An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the components array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components starting at offset.

    Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. The default implementation of this method in this abstract class assumes that component values for this class are conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. Therefore, subclasses which may have instances which do not support the unnormalized form must override this method.

 public int getNumColorComponents() 
 public int getNumComponents() 
    Returns the number of components, including alpha, in this ColorModel. This is equal to the number of color components, optionally plus one, if there is an alpha component.
 public int getPixelSize() 
    Returns the number of bits per pixel described by this ColorModel.
 public int getRGB(int pixel) 
    Returns the color/alpha components of the pixel in the default RGB color model format. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is in a non pre-multiplied format. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out of the color components. If the alpha value is 0, the color values are 0.
 public int getRGB(Object inData) 
    Returns the color/alpha components for the specified pixel in the default RGB color model format. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. The returned value will be in a non pre-multiplied format, i.e. if the alpha is premultiplied, this method will divide it out of the color components (if the alpha value is 0, the color values will be 0).
 public static ColorModel getRGBdefault() 
    Returns a DirectColorModel that describes the default format for integer RGB values used in many of the methods in the AWT image interfaces for the convenience of the programmer. The color space is the default ColorSpace , sRGB. The format for the RGB values is an integer with 8 bits each of alpha, red, green, and blue color components ordered correspondingly from the most significant byte to the least significant byte, as in: 0xAARRGGBB. Color components are not premultiplied by the alpha component. This format does not necessarily represent the native or the most efficient ColorModel for a particular device or for all images. It is merely used as a common color model format.
 abstract public int getRed(int pixel)
    Returns the red color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified as an int. An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if pixel values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable as a single int. The returned value is not a pre-multiplied value. For example, if the alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the red value is 0.
 public int getRed(Object inData) 
    Returns the red color component for the specified pixel, scaled from 0 to 255 in the default RGB ColorSpace, sRGB. A color conversion is done if necessary. The pixel value is specified by an array of data elements of type transferType passed in as an object reference. The returned value is a non pre-multiplied value. For example, if alpha is premultiplied, this method divides it out before returning the value. If the alpha value is 0, the red value is 0. If inData is not a primitive array of type transferType, a ClassCastException is thrown. An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if inData is not large enough to hold a pixel value for this ColorModel. If this transferType is not supported, a UnsupportedOperationException will be thrown. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance must be an instance of a subclass. Subclasses inherit the implementation of this method and if they don't override it, this method throws an exception if the subclass uses a transferType other than DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, DataBuffer.TYPE_USHORT, or DataBuffer.TYPE_INT.
 public final int getTransferType() 
    Returns the transfer type of this ColorModel. The transfer type is the type of primitive array used to represent pixel values as arrays.
 public int getTransparency() 
    Returns the transparency. Returns either OPAQUE, BITMASK, or TRANSLUCENT.
 public int[] getUnnormalizedComponents(float[] normComponents,
    int normOffset,
    int[] components,
    int offset) 
    Returns an array of all of the color/alpha components in unnormalized form, given a normalized component array. Unnormalized components are unsigned integral values between 0 and 2n - 1, where n is the number of bits for a particular component. Normalized components are float values between a per component minimum and maximum specified by the ColorSpace object for this ColorModel. An IllegalArgumentException will be thrown if color component values for this ColorModel are not conveniently representable in the unnormalized form. If the components array is null, a new array will be allocated. The components array will be returned. Color/alpha components are stored in the components array starting at offset (even if the array is allocated by this method). An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the components array is not null and is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components (starting at offset). An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the normComponents array is not large enough to hold all the color and alpha components starting at normOffset.
 static short[] getsRGB8ToLinearRGB16LUT() 
 static byte[] getsRGB8ToLinearRGB8LUT() 
 public final boolean hasAlpha() 
    Returns whether or not alpha is supported in this ColorModel.
 public int hashCode() 
    Returns the hash code for this ColorModel.
 public final boolean isAlphaPremultiplied() 
    Returns whether or not the alpha has been premultiplied in the pixel values to be translated by this ColorModel. If the boolean is true, this ColorModel is to be used to interpret pixel values in which color and alpha information are represented as separate spatial bands, and color samples are assumed to have been multiplied by the alpha sample.
 public boolean isCompatibleRaster(Raster raster) 
    Returns true if raster is compatible with this ColorModel and false if it is not. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 public boolean isCompatibleSampleModel(SampleModel sm) 
    Checks if the SampleModel is compatible with this ColorModel. Since ColorModel is an abstract class, any instance is an instance of a subclass. Subclasses must override this method since the implementation in this abstract class throws an UnsupportedOperationException.
 static boolean isLinearGRAYspace(ColorSpace cs) 
 static boolean isLinearRGBspace(ColorSpace cs) 
 static  void loadLibraries() 
 public String toString() 
    Returns the String representation of the contents of this ColorModelobject.