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javax.swing
public class: JButton [javadoc | source]
java.lang.Object
   java.awt.Component
      java.awt.Container
         javax.swing.JComponent
            javax.swing.AbstractButton
               javax.swing.JButton

All Implemented Interfaces:
    Accessible, SwingConstants, ItemSelectable, HasGetTransferHandler, Serializable, MenuContainer, ImageObserver

Direct Known Subclasses:
    MetalScrollButton, ScrollableTabButton, ChooserComboButton, SynthArrowButton, ToolButton, BrowserButton, MetalComboBoxButton, ConstrainedButton, SynthScrollableTabButton, BasicArrowButton, TypeButton, NoFocusButton

An implementation of a "push" button.

Buttons can be configured, and to some degree controlled, by Actions. Using an Action with a button has many benefits beyond directly configuring a button. Refer to Swing Components Supporting Action for more details, and you can find more information in How to Use Actions, a section in The Java Tutorial.

See How to Use Buttons, Check Boxes, and Radio Buttons in The Java Tutorial for information and examples of using buttons.

Warning: Swing is not thread safe. For more information see Swing's Threading Policy.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see java.beans.XMLEncoder .

Nested Class Summary:
protected class  JButton.AccessibleJButton  This class implements accessibility support for the JButton class. It provides an implementation of the Java Accessibility API appropriate to button user-interface elements.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see {@link java.beans.XMLEncoder}. 

Fields inherited from javax.swing.AbstractButton:
MODEL_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  TEXT_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  MNEMONIC_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  MARGIN_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  VERTICAL_ALIGNMENT_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  HORIZONTAL_ALIGNMENT_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  VERTICAL_TEXT_POSITION_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  HORIZONTAL_TEXT_POSITION_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  BORDER_PAINTED_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  FOCUS_PAINTED_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  ROLLOVER_ENABLED_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  CONTENT_AREA_FILLED_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  PRESSED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  SELECTED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  ROLLOVER_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  ROLLOVER_SELECTED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  DISABLED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  DISABLED_SELECTED_ICON_CHANGED_PROPERTY,  model,  defaultCapable,  changeListener,  actionListener,  itemListener,  changeEvent
Fields inherited from javax.swing.JComponent:
DEBUG_GRAPHICS_LOADED,  ui,  listenerList,  paintingChild,  WHEN_FOCUSED,  WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT,  WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW,  UNDEFINED_CONDITION,  TOOL_TIP_TEXT_KEY,  focusController,  accessibleContext
Fields inherited from java.awt.Container:
layoutMgr,  containerListener,  listeningChildren,  listeningBoundsChildren,  descendantsCount,  preserveBackgroundColor,  INCLUDE_SELF,  SEARCH_HEAVYWEIGHTS,  modalComp,  modalAppContext
Fields inherited from java.awt.Component:
peer,  parent,  appContext,  x,  y,  width,  height,  foreground,  background,  font,  peerFont,  cursor,  locale,  bufferStrategy,  ignoreRepaint,  visible,  enabled,  dropTarget,  popups,  focusTraversalKeys,  LOCK,  minSize,  minSizeSet,  prefSize,  prefSizeSet,  maxSize,  maxSizeSet,  componentOrientation,  newEventsOnly,  componentListener,  focusListener,  hierarchyListener,  hierarchyBoundsListener,  keyListener,  mouseListener,  mouseMotionListener,  mouseWheelListener,  inputMethodListener,  windowClosingException,  actionListenerK,  adjustmentListenerK,  componentListenerK,  containerListenerK,  focusListenerK,  itemListenerK,  keyListenerK,  mouseListenerK,  mouseMotionListenerK,  mouseWheelListenerK,  textListenerK,  ownedWindowK,  windowListenerK,  inputMethodListenerK,  hierarchyListenerK,  hierarchyBoundsListenerK,  windowStateListenerK,  windowFocusListenerK,  eventMask,  isInc,  incRate,  TOP_ALIGNMENT,  CENTER_ALIGNMENT,  BOTTOM_ALIGNMENT,  LEFT_ALIGNMENT,  RIGHT_ALIGNMENT,  isPacked,  backgroundEraseDisabled,  eventCache,  accessibleContext
Constructor:
 public JButton() 
 public JButton(Icon icon) 
    Creates a button with an icon.
    Parameters:
    icon - the Icon image to display on the button
 public JButton(String text) 
    Creates a button with text.
    Parameters:
    text - the text of the button
 public JButton(Action a) 
    Creates a button where properties are taken from the Action supplied.
    Parameters:
    a - the Action used to specify the new button
    since: 1.3 -
 public JButton(String text,
    Icon icon) 
    Creates a button with initial text and an icon.
    Parameters:
    text - the text of the button
    icon - the Icon image to display on the button
Method from javax.swing.JButton Summary:
getAccessibleContext,   getUIClassID,   isDefaultButton,   isDefaultCapable,   paramString,   removeNotify,   setDefaultCapable,   updateUI
Methods from javax.swing.AbstractButton:
actionPropertyChanged,   addActionListener,   addChangeListener,   addImpl,   addItemListener,   checkHorizontalKey,   checkVerticalKey,   clientPropertyChanged,   configurePropertiesFromAction,   createActionListener,   createActionPropertyChangeListener,   createActionPropertyChangeListener0,   createChangeListener,   createItemListener,   doClick,   doClick,   fireActionPerformed,   fireItemStateChanged,   fireStateChanged,   getAction,   getActionCommand,   getActionListeners,   getChangeListeners,   getDisabledIcon,   getDisabledSelectedIcon,   getDisplayedMnemonicIndex,   getHideActionText,   getHorizontalAlignment,   getHorizontalTextPosition,   getIcon,   getIconTextGap,   getItemListeners,   getLabel,   getMargin,   getMnemonic,   getModel,   getMultiClickThreshhold,   getPressedIcon,   getRolloverIcon,   getRolloverSelectedIcon,   getSelectedIcon,   getSelectedObjects,   getText,   getUI,   getVerticalAlignment,   getVerticalTextPosition,   imageUpdate,   init,   isBorderPainted,   isContentAreaFilled,   isFocusPainted,   isRolloverEnabled,   isSelected,   largeIconChanged,   paintBorder,   paramString,   removeActionListener,   removeChangeListener,   removeItemListener,   removeNotify,   setAction,   setActionCommand,   setBorderPainted,   setContentAreaFilled,   setDisabledIcon,   setDisabledSelectedIcon,   setDisplayedMnemonicIndex,   setEnabled,   setFocusPainted,   setHideActionText,   setHorizontalAlignment,   setHorizontalTextPosition,   setIcon,   setIconFromAction,   setIconTextGap,   setLabel,   setLayout,   setMargin,   setMnemonic,   setMnemonic,   setModel,   setMultiClickThreshhold,   setPressedIcon,   setRolloverEnabled,   setRolloverIcon,   setRolloverSelectedIcon,   setSelected,   setSelectedIcon,   setText,   setUI,   setUIProperty,   setVerticalAlignment,   setVerticalTextPosition,   shouldUpdateSelectedStateFromAction,   smallIconChanged,   updateUI
Methods from javax.swing.JComponent:
_paintImmediately,   addAncestorListener,   addNotify,   addVetoableChangeListener,   alwaysOnTop,   checkIfChildObscuredBySibling,   clientPropertyChanged,   compWriteObjectNotify,   componentInputMapChanged,   computeVisibleRect,   computeVisibleRect,   contains,   createToolTip,   disable,   dndDone,   dropLocationForPoint,   enable,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   fireVetoableChange,   getAccessibleContext,   getActionForKeyStroke,   getActionMap,   getActionMap,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getAncestorListeners,   getAutoscrolls,   getBaseline,   getBaselineResizeBehavior,   getBorder,   getBounds,   getClientProperty,   getComponentGraphics,   getComponentPopupMenu,   getConditionForKeyStroke,   getCreatedDoubleBuffer,   getDebugGraphicsOptions,   getDefaultLocale,   getFontMetrics,   getGraphics,   getGraphicsInvoked,   getHeight,   getInheritsPopupMenu,   getInputMap,   getInputMap,   getInputMap,   getInputVerifier,   getInsets,   getInsets,   getListeners,   getLocation,   getManagingFocusBackwardTraversalKeys,   getManagingFocusForwardTraversalKeys,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getNextFocusableComponent,   getPopupLocation,   getPreferredSize,   getRegisteredKeyStrokes,   getRootPane,   getSize,   getToolTipLocation,   getToolTipText,   getToolTipText,   getTopLevelAncestor,   getTransferHandler,   getUIClassID,   getVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget,   getVetoableChangeListeners,   getVisibleRect,   getWidth,   getWriteObjCounter,   getX,   getY,   grabFocus,   isDoubleBuffered,   isLightweightComponent,   isManagingFocus,   isOpaque,   isOptimizedDrawingEnabled,   isPainting,   isPaintingForPrint,   isPaintingOrigin,   isPaintingTile,   isRequestFocusEnabled,   isValidateRoot,   paint,   paintBorder,   paintChildren,   paintComponent,   paintForceDoubleBuffered,   paintImmediately,   paintImmediately,   paintToOffscreen,   paramString,   print,   printAll,   printBorder,   printChildren,   printComponent,   processComponentKeyEvent,   processKeyBinding,   processKeyBindings,   processKeyBindingsForAllComponents,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   processMouseMotionEvent,   putClientProperty,   rectangleIsObscured,   registerKeyboardAction,   registerKeyboardAction,   removeAncestorListener,   removeNotify,   removeVetoableChangeListener,   repaint,   repaint,   requestDefaultFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   resetKeyboardActions,   reshape,   revalidate,   safelyGetGraphics,   safelyGetGraphics,   scrollRectToVisible,   setActionMap,   setAlignmentX,   setAlignmentY,   setAutoscrolls,   setBackground,   setBorder,   setComponentPopupMenu,   setCreatedDoubleBuffer,   setDebugGraphicsOptions,   setDefaultLocale,   setDoubleBuffered,   setDropLocation,   setEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFont,   setForeground,   setInheritsPopupMenu,   setInputMap,   setInputVerifier,   setMaximumSize,   setMinimumSize,   setNextFocusableComponent,   setOpaque,   setPaintingChild,   setPreferredSize,   setRequestFocusEnabled,   setToolTipText,   setTransferHandler,   setUI,   setUIProperty,   setVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget,   setVisible,   setWriteObjCounter,   shouldDebugGraphics,   superProcessMouseMotionEvent,   unregisterKeyboardAction,   update,   updateUI
Methods from java.awt.Container:
add,   add,   add,   add,   add,   addContainerListener,   addImpl,   addNotify,   addPropertyChangeListener,   addPropertyChangeListener,   adjustDecendantsOnParent,   adjustDescendants,   adjustListeningChildren,   applyComponentOrientation,   areFocusTraversalKeysSet,   canContainFocusOwner,   checkGD,   clearCurrentFocusCycleRootOnHide,   clearMostRecentFocusOwnerOnHide,   containsFocus,   countComponents,   countHierarchyMembers,   createChildHierarchyEvents,   createHierarchyEvents,   decreaseComponentCount,   deliverEvent,   dispatchEventImpl,   dispatchEventToSelf,   doLayout,   eventEnabled,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAtImpl,   getAccessibleAt,   getAccessibleChild,   getAccessibleChildrenCount,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getComponent,   getComponentAt,   getComponentAt,   getComponentCount,   getComponentZOrder,   getComponents,   getComponentsSync,   getComponents_NoClientCode,   getContainerListeners,   getDropTargetEventTarget,   getFocusTraversalKeys,   getFocusTraversalPolicy,   getHeavyweightContainer,   getInsets,   getLayout,   getListeners,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getMouseEventTarget,   getMousePosition,   getOpaqueShape,   getPreferredSize,   getTraversalRoot,   hasHeavyweightDescendants,   hasLightweightDescendants,   increaseComponentCount,   initializeFocusTraversalKeys,   insets,   invalidate,   invalidateParent,   invalidateTree,   isAncestorOf,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusTraversalPolicyProvider,   isFocusTraversalPolicySet,   isRecursivelyVisibleUpToHeavyweightContainer,   isSameOrAncestorOf,   isValidateRoot,   layout,   lightweightPaint,   lightweightPrint,   list,   list,   locate,   minimumSize,   mixOnHiding,   mixOnReshaping,   mixOnShowing,   mixOnValidating,   mixOnZOrderChanging,   numListening,   paint,   paintComponents,   paintHeavyweightComponents,   paramString,   postProcessKeyEvent,   postsOldMouseEvents,   preProcessKeyEvent,   preferredSize,   print,   printComponents,   printHeavyweightComponents,   processContainerEvent,   processEvent,   proxyEnableEvents,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   remove,   remove,   removeAll,   removeContainerListener,   removeNotify,   setComponentZOrder,   setFocusCycleRoot,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFocusTraversalPolicy,   setFocusTraversalPolicyProvider,   setFont,   setLayout,   transferFocusDownCycle,   update,   updateGraphicsData,   validate,   validateTree,   validateUnconditionally
Methods from java.awt.Component:
action,   add,   addComponentListener,   addFocusListener,   addHierarchyBoundsListener,   addHierarchyListener,   addInputMethodListener,   addKeyListener,   addMouseListener,   addMouseMotionListener,   addMouseWheelListener,   addNotify,   addPropertyChangeListener,   addPropertyChangeListener,   adjustListeningChildrenOnParent,   applyComponentOrientation,   applyCompoundShape,   applyCurrentShape,   areBoundsValid,   areFocusTraversalKeysSet,   areInputMethodsEnabled,   autoProcessMouseWheel,   bounds,   canBeFocusOwner,   canBeFocusOwnerRecursively,   checkGD,   checkImage,   checkImage,   checkTreeLock,   checkWindowClosingException,   clearCurrentFocusCycleRootOnHide,   clearMostRecentFocusOwnerOnHide,   coalesceEvents,   constructComponentName,   contains,   contains,   containsFocus,   countHierarchyMembers,   createBufferStrategy,   createBufferStrategy,   createHierarchyEvents,   createImage,   createImage,   createVolatileImage,   createVolatileImage,   deliverEvent,   disable,   disableEvents,   dispatchEvent,   dispatchEventImpl,   dispatchMouseWheelToAncestor,   doLayout,   enable,   enable,   enableEvents,   enableInputMethods,   eventEnabled,   eventTypeEnabled,   findUnderMouseInWindow,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   getAccessControlContext,   getAccessibleContext,   getAccessibleIndexInParent,   getAccessibleStateSet,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getBackBuffer,   getBackground,   getBaseline,   getBaselineResizeBehavior,   getBounds,   getBounds,   getBoundsOp,   getBufferStrategy,   getColorModel,   getComponentAt,   getComponentAt,   getComponentListeners,   getComponentOrientation,   getContainer,   getContainingWindow,   getCursor,   getCursor_NoClientCode,   getDropTarget,   getFocusCycleRootAncestor,   getFocusListeners,   getFocusTraversalKeys,   getFocusTraversalKeysEnabled,   getFocusTraversalKeys_NoIDCheck,   getFont,   getFontMetrics,   getFont_NoClientCode,   getForeground,   getGraphics,   getGraphicsConfiguration,   getGraphicsConfiguration_NoClientCode,   getGraphics_NoClientCode,   getHWPeerAboveMe,   getHeight,   getHierarchyBoundsListeners,   getHierarchyListeners,   getIgnoreRepaint,   getInputContext,   getInputMethodListeners,   getInputMethodRequests,   getKeyListeners,   getListeners,   getLocale,   getLocation,   getLocation,   getLocationOnScreen,   getLocationOnScreen_NoTreeLock,   getLocationOnWindow,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getMouseListeners,   getMouseMotionListeners,   getMousePosition,   getMouseWheelListeners,   getName,   getNativeContainer,   getNextFocusCandidate,   getNormalShape,   getObjectLock,   getOpaqueShape,   getParent,   getParent_NoClientCode,   getPeer,   getPreferredSize,   getPropertyChangeListeners,   getPropertyChangeListeners,   getSiblingIndexAbove,   getSiblingIndexBelow,   getSize,   getSize,   getToolkit,   getToolkitImpl,   getTraversalRoot,   getTreeLock,   getWidth,   getX,   getY,   gotFocus,   handleEvent,   hasFocus,   hide,   imageUpdate,   initializeFocusTraversalKeys,   inside,   invalidate,   invalidateIfValid,   invalidateParent,   isAutoFocusTransferOnDisposal,   isBackgroundSet,   isCoalescingEnabled,   isCursorSet,   isDisplayable,   isDoubleBuffered,   isEnabled,   isEnabledImpl,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusOwner,   isFocusTraversable,   isFocusTraversableOverridden,   isFocusable,   isFontSet,   isForegroundSet,   isInstanceOf,   isLightweight,   isMaximumSizeSet,   isMinimumSizeSet,   isMixingNeeded,   isNonOpaqueForMixing,   isOpaque,   isPreferredSizeSet,   isRecursivelyVisible,   isSameOrAncestorOf,   isShowing,   isValid,   isVisible,   isVisible_NoClientCode,   keyDown,   keyUp,   layout,   lightweightPaint,   lightweightPrint,   list,   list,   list,   list,   list,   locate,   location,   lostFocus,   minimumSize,   mixOnHiding,   mixOnReshaping,   mixOnShowing,   mixOnValidating,   mixOnZOrderChanging,   mouseDown,   mouseDrag,   mouseEnter,   mouseExit,   mouseMove,   mouseUp,   move,   nextFocus,   numListening,   paint,   paintAll,   paintHeavyweightComponents,   paramString,   pointRelativeToComponent,   postEvent,   postsOldMouseEvents,   preferredSize,   prepareImage,   prepareImage,   print,   printAll,   printHeavyweightComponents,   processComponentEvent,   processEvent,   processFocusEvent,   processHierarchyBoundsEvent,   processHierarchyEvent,   processInputMethodEvent,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   processMouseMotionEvent,   processMouseWheelEvent,   relocateComponent,   remove,   removeComponentListener,   removeFocusListener,   removeHierarchyBoundsListener,   removeHierarchyListener,   removeInputMethodListener,   removeKeyListener,   removeMouseListener,   removeMouseMotionListener,   removeMouseWheelListener,   removeNotify,   removePropertyChangeListener,   removePropertyChangeListener,   repaint,   repaint,   repaint,   repaint,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocusHelper,   requestFocusHelper,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   reshape,   resize,   resize,   revalidate,   setAutoFocusTransferOnDisposal,   setBackground,   setBounds,   setBounds,   setBoundsOp,   setComponentOrientation,   setCursor,   setDropTarget,   setEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys_NoIDCheck,   setFocusable,   setFont,   setForeground,   setGraphicsConfiguration,   setIgnoreRepaint,   setLocale,   setLocation,   setLocation,   setMaximumSize,   setMinimumSize,   setName,   setPreferredSize,   setRequestFocusController,   setSize,   setSize,   setVisible,   show,   show,   size,   subtractAndApplyShape,   subtractAndApplyShapeBelowMe,   toString,   transferFocus,   transferFocus,   transferFocusBackward,   transferFocusBackward,   transferFocusUpCycle,   update,   updateCursorImmediately,   updateGraphicsData,   updateZOrder,   validate
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from javax.swing.JButton Detail:
 public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext() 
    Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this JButton. For JButtons, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleJButton. A new AccessibleJButton instance is created if necessary.
 public String getUIClassID() 
    Returns a string that specifies the name of the L&F class that renders this component.
 public boolean isDefaultButton() 
    Gets the value of the defaultButton property, which if true means that this button is the current default button for its JRootPane. Most look and feels render the default button differently, and may potentially provide bindings to access the default button.
 public boolean isDefaultCapable() 
    Gets the value of the defaultCapable property.
 protected String paramString() 
    Returns a string representation of this JButton. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.
 public  void removeNotify() 
    Overrides JComponent.removeNotify to check if this button is currently set as the default button on the RootPane, and if so, sets the RootPane's default button to null to ensure the RootPane doesn't hold onto an invalid button reference.
 public  void setDefaultCapable(boolean defaultCapable) 
    Sets the defaultCapable property, which determines whether this button can be made the default button for its root pane. The default value of the defaultCapable property is true unless otherwise specified by the look and feel.
 public  void updateUI() 
    Resets the UI property to a value from the current look and feel.