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javax.swing
public class: JMenuBar [javadoc | source]
java.lang.Object
   java.awt.Component
      java.awt.Container
         javax.swing.JComponent
            javax.swing.JMenuBar

All Implemented Interfaces:
    MenuElement, Accessible, HasGetTransferHandler, Serializable, MenuContainer, ImageObserver

Direct Known Subclasses:
    SystemMenuBar, SystemMenuBar, MainMenuBar

An implementation of a menu bar. You add JMenu objects to the menu bar to construct a menu. When the user selects a JMenu object, its associated JPopupMenu is displayed, allowing the user to select one of the JMenuItems on it.

For information and examples of using menu bars see How to Use Menus, a section in The Java Tutorial.

Warning: Swing is not thread safe. For more information see Swing's Threading Policy.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see java.beans.XMLEncoder .

Nested Class Summary:
protected class  JMenuBar.AccessibleJMenuBar  This class implements accessibility support for the JMenuBar class. It provides an implementation of the Java Accessibility API appropriate to menu bar user-interface elements.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see {@link java.beans.XMLEncoder}. 

Fields inherited from javax.swing.JComponent:
DEBUG_GRAPHICS_LOADED,  ui,  listenerList,  paintingChild,  WHEN_FOCUSED,  WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT,  WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW,  UNDEFINED_CONDITION,  TOOL_TIP_TEXT_KEY,  focusController,  accessibleContext
Fields inherited from java.awt.Container:
layoutMgr,  containerListener,  listeningChildren,  listeningBoundsChildren,  descendantsCount,  preserveBackgroundColor,  INCLUDE_SELF,  SEARCH_HEAVYWEIGHTS,  modalComp,  modalAppContext
Fields inherited from java.awt.Component:
peer,  parent,  appContext,  x,  y,  width,  height,  foreground,  background,  font,  peerFont,  cursor,  locale,  bufferStrategy,  ignoreRepaint,  visible,  enabled,  dropTarget,  popups,  focusTraversalKeys,  LOCK,  minSize,  minSizeSet,  prefSize,  prefSizeSet,  maxSize,  maxSizeSet,  componentOrientation,  newEventsOnly,  componentListener,  focusListener,  hierarchyListener,  hierarchyBoundsListener,  keyListener,  mouseListener,  mouseMotionListener,  mouseWheelListener,  inputMethodListener,  windowClosingException,  actionListenerK,  adjustmentListenerK,  componentListenerK,  containerListenerK,  focusListenerK,  itemListenerK,  keyListenerK,  mouseListenerK,  mouseMotionListenerK,  mouseWheelListenerK,  textListenerK,  ownedWindowK,  windowListenerK,  inputMethodListenerK,  hierarchyListenerK,  hierarchyBoundsListenerK,  windowStateListenerK,  windowFocusListenerK,  eventMask,  isInc,  incRate,  TOP_ALIGNMENT,  CENTER_ALIGNMENT,  BOTTOM_ALIGNMENT,  LEFT_ALIGNMENT,  RIGHT_ALIGNMENT,  isPacked,  backgroundEraseDisabled,  eventCache,  accessibleContext
Constructor:
 public JMenuBar() 
Method from javax.swing.JMenuBar Summary:
add,   addNotify,   getAccessibleContext,   getComponent,   getComponentAtIndex,   getComponentIndex,   getHelpMenu,   getMargin,   getMenu,   getMenuCount,   getSelectionModel,   getSubElements,   getUI,   getUIClassID,   isBorderPainted,   isSelected,   menuSelectionChanged,   paintBorder,   paramString,   processBindingForKeyStrokeRecursive,   processKeyBinding,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   removeNotify,   setBorderPainted,   setHelpMenu,   setMargin,   setSelected,   setSelectionModel,   setUI,   updateUI
Methods from javax.swing.JComponent:
_paintImmediately,   addAncestorListener,   addNotify,   addVetoableChangeListener,   alwaysOnTop,   checkIfChildObscuredBySibling,   clientPropertyChanged,   compWriteObjectNotify,   componentInputMapChanged,   computeVisibleRect,   computeVisibleRect,   contains,   createToolTip,   disable,   dndDone,   dropLocationForPoint,   enable,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   fireVetoableChange,   getAccessibleContext,   getActionForKeyStroke,   getActionMap,   getActionMap,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getAncestorListeners,   getAutoscrolls,   getBaseline,   getBaselineResizeBehavior,   getBorder,   getBounds,   getClientProperty,   getComponentGraphics,   getComponentPopupMenu,   getConditionForKeyStroke,   getCreatedDoubleBuffer,   getDebugGraphicsOptions,   getDefaultLocale,   getFontMetrics,   getGraphics,   getGraphicsInvoked,   getHeight,   getInheritsPopupMenu,   getInputMap,   getInputMap,   getInputMap,   getInputVerifier,   getInsets,   getInsets,   getListeners,   getLocation,   getManagingFocusBackwardTraversalKeys,   getManagingFocusForwardTraversalKeys,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getNextFocusableComponent,   getPopupLocation,   getPreferredSize,   getRegisteredKeyStrokes,   getRootPane,   getSize,   getToolTipLocation,   getToolTipText,   getToolTipText,   getTopLevelAncestor,   getTransferHandler,   getUIClassID,   getVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget,   getVetoableChangeListeners,   getVisibleRect,   getWidth,   getWriteObjCounter,   getX,   getY,   grabFocus,   isDoubleBuffered,   isLightweightComponent,   isManagingFocus,   isOpaque,   isOptimizedDrawingEnabled,   isPainting,   isPaintingForPrint,   isPaintingOrigin,   isPaintingTile,   isRequestFocusEnabled,   isValidateRoot,   paint,   paintBorder,   paintChildren,   paintComponent,   paintForceDoubleBuffered,   paintImmediately,   paintImmediately,   paintToOffscreen,   paramString,   print,   printAll,   printBorder,   printChildren,   printComponent,   processComponentKeyEvent,   processKeyBinding,   processKeyBindings,   processKeyBindingsForAllComponents,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   processMouseMotionEvent,   putClientProperty,   rectangleIsObscured,   registerKeyboardAction,   registerKeyboardAction,   removeAncestorListener,   removeNotify,   removeVetoableChangeListener,   repaint,   repaint,   requestDefaultFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   resetKeyboardActions,   reshape,   revalidate,   safelyGetGraphics,   safelyGetGraphics,   scrollRectToVisible,   setActionMap,   setAlignmentX,   setAlignmentY,   setAutoscrolls,   setBackground,   setBorder,   setComponentPopupMenu,   setCreatedDoubleBuffer,   setDebugGraphicsOptions,   setDefaultLocale,   setDoubleBuffered,   setDropLocation,   setEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFont,   setForeground,   setInheritsPopupMenu,   setInputMap,   setInputVerifier,   setMaximumSize,   setMinimumSize,   setNextFocusableComponent,   setOpaque,   setPaintingChild,   setPreferredSize,   setRequestFocusEnabled,   setToolTipText,   setTransferHandler,   setUI,   setUIProperty,   setVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget,   setVisible,   setWriteObjCounter,   shouldDebugGraphics,   superProcessMouseMotionEvent,   unregisterKeyboardAction,   update,   updateUI
Methods from java.awt.Container:
add,   add,   add,   add,   add,   addContainerListener,   addImpl,   addNotify,   addPropertyChangeListener,   addPropertyChangeListener,   adjustDecendantsOnParent,   adjustDescendants,   adjustListeningChildren,   applyComponentOrientation,   areFocusTraversalKeysSet,   canContainFocusOwner,   checkGD,   clearCurrentFocusCycleRootOnHide,   clearMostRecentFocusOwnerOnHide,   containsFocus,   countComponents,   countHierarchyMembers,   createChildHierarchyEvents,   createHierarchyEvents,   decreaseComponentCount,   deliverEvent,   dispatchEventImpl,   dispatchEventToSelf,   doLayout,   eventEnabled,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAtImpl,   getAccessibleAt,   getAccessibleChild,   getAccessibleChildrenCount,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getComponent,   getComponentAt,   getComponentAt,   getComponentCount,   getComponentZOrder,   getComponents,   getComponentsSync,   getComponents_NoClientCode,   getContainerListeners,   getDropTargetEventTarget,   getFocusTraversalKeys,   getFocusTraversalPolicy,   getHeavyweightContainer,   getInsets,   getLayout,   getListeners,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getMouseEventTarget,   getMousePosition,   getOpaqueShape,   getPreferredSize,   getTraversalRoot,   hasHeavyweightDescendants,   hasLightweightDescendants,   increaseComponentCount,   initializeFocusTraversalKeys,   insets,   invalidate,   invalidateParent,   invalidateTree,   isAncestorOf,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusTraversalPolicyProvider,   isFocusTraversalPolicySet,   isRecursivelyVisibleUpToHeavyweightContainer,   isSameOrAncestorOf,   isValidateRoot,   layout,   lightweightPaint,   lightweightPrint,   list,   list,   locate,   minimumSize,   mixOnHiding,   mixOnReshaping,   mixOnShowing,   mixOnValidating,   mixOnZOrderChanging,   numListening,   paint,   paintComponents,   paintHeavyweightComponents,   paramString,   postProcessKeyEvent,   postsOldMouseEvents,   preProcessKeyEvent,   preferredSize,   print,   printComponents,   printHeavyweightComponents,   processContainerEvent,   processEvent,   proxyEnableEvents,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   remove,   remove,   removeAll,   removeContainerListener,   removeNotify,   setComponentZOrder,   setFocusCycleRoot,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFocusTraversalPolicy,   setFocusTraversalPolicyProvider,   setFont,   setLayout,   transferFocusDownCycle,   update,   updateGraphicsData,   validate,   validateTree,   validateUnconditionally
Methods from java.awt.Component:
action,   add,   addComponentListener,   addFocusListener,   addHierarchyBoundsListener,   addHierarchyListener,   addInputMethodListener,   addKeyListener,   addMouseListener,   addMouseMotionListener,   addMouseWheelListener,   addNotify,   addPropertyChangeListener,   addPropertyChangeListener,   adjustListeningChildrenOnParent,   applyComponentOrientation,   applyCompoundShape,   applyCurrentShape,   areBoundsValid,   areFocusTraversalKeysSet,   areInputMethodsEnabled,   autoProcessMouseWheel,   bounds,   canBeFocusOwner,   canBeFocusOwnerRecursively,   checkGD,   checkImage,   checkImage,   checkTreeLock,   checkWindowClosingException,   clearCurrentFocusCycleRootOnHide,   clearMostRecentFocusOwnerOnHide,   coalesceEvents,   constructComponentName,   contains,   contains,   containsFocus,   countHierarchyMembers,   createBufferStrategy,   createBufferStrategy,   createHierarchyEvents,   createImage,   createImage,   createVolatileImage,   createVolatileImage,   deliverEvent,   disable,   disableEvents,   dispatchEvent,   dispatchEventImpl,   dispatchMouseWheelToAncestor,   doLayout,   enable,   enable,   enableEvents,   enableInputMethods,   eventEnabled,   eventTypeEnabled,   findUnderMouseInWindow,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   getAccessControlContext,   getAccessibleContext,   getAccessibleIndexInParent,   getAccessibleStateSet,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getBackBuffer,   getBackground,   getBaseline,   getBaselineResizeBehavior,   getBounds,   getBounds,   getBoundsOp,   getBufferStrategy,   getColorModel,   getComponentAt,   getComponentAt,   getComponentListeners,   getComponentOrientation,   getContainer,   getContainingWindow,   getCursor,   getCursor_NoClientCode,   getDropTarget,   getFocusCycleRootAncestor,   getFocusListeners,   getFocusTraversalKeys,   getFocusTraversalKeysEnabled,   getFocusTraversalKeys_NoIDCheck,   getFont,   getFontMetrics,   getFont_NoClientCode,   getForeground,   getGraphics,   getGraphicsConfiguration,   getGraphicsConfiguration_NoClientCode,   getGraphics_NoClientCode,   getHWPeerAboveMe,   getHeight,   getHierarchyBoundsListeners,   getHierarchyListeners,   getIgnoreRepaint,   getInputContext,   getInputMethodListeners,   getInputMethodRequests,   getKeyListeners,   getListeners,   getLocale,   getLocation,   getLocation,   getLocationOnScreen,   getLocationOnScreen_NoTreeLock,   getLocationOnWindow,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getMouseListeners,   getMouseMotionListeners,   getMousePosition,   getMouseWheelListeners,   getName,   getNativeContainer,   getNextFocusCandidate,   getNormalShape,   getObjectLock,   getOpaqueShape,   getParent,   getParent_NoClientCode,   getPeer,   getPreferredSize,   getPropertyChangeListeners,   getPropertyChangeListeners,   getSiblingIndexAbove,   getSiblingIndexBelow,   getSize,   getSize,   getToolkit,   getToolkitImpl,   getTraversalRoot,   getTreeLock,   getWidth,   getX,   getY,   gotFocus,   handleEvent,   hasFocus,   hide,   imageUpdate,   initializeFocusTraversalKeys,   inside,   invalidate,   invalidateIfValid,   invalidateParent,   isAutoFocusTransferOnDisposal,   isBackgroundSet,   isCoalescingEnabled,   isCursorSet,   isDisplayable,   isDoubleBuffered,   isEnabled,   isEnabledImpl,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusOwner,   isFocusTraversable,   isFocusTraversableOverridden,   isFocusable,   isFontSet,   isForegroundSet,   isInstanceOf,   isLightweight,   isMaximumSizeSet,   isMinimumSizeSet,   isMixingNeeded,   isNonOpaqueForMixing,   isOpaque,   isPreferredSizeSet,   isRecursivelyVisible,   isSameOrAncestorOf,   isShowing,   isValid,   isVisible,   isVisible_NoClientCode,   keyDown,   keyUp,   layout,   lightweightPaint,   lightweightPrint,   list,   list,   list,   list,   list,   locate,   location,   lostFocus,   minimumSize,   mixOnHiding,   mixOnReshaping,   mixOnShowing,   mixOnValidating,   mixOnZOrderChanging,   mouseDown,   mouseDrag,   mouseEnter,   mouseExit,   mouseMove,   mouseUp,   move,   nextFocus,   numListening,   paint,   paintAll,   paintHeavyweightComponents,   paramString,   pointRelativeToComponent,   postEvent,   postsOldMouseEvents,   preferredSize,   prepareImage,   prepareImage,   print,   printAll,   printHeavyweightComponents,   processComponentEvent,   processEvent,   processFocusEvent,   processHierarchyBoundsEvent,   processHierarchyEvent,   processInputMethodEvent,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   processMouseMotionEvent,   processMouseWheelEvent,   relocateComponent,   remove,   removeComponentListener,   removeFocusListener,   removeHierarchyBoundsListener,   removeHierarchyListener,   removeInputMethodListener,   removeKeyListener,   removeMouseListener,   removeMouseMotionListener,   removeMouseWheelListener,   removeNotify,   removePropertyChangeListener,   removePropertyChangeListener,   repaint,   repaint,   repaint,   repaint,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocusHelper,   requestFocusHelper,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   reshape,   resize,   resize,   revalidate,   setAutoFocusTransferOnDisposal,   setBackground,   setBounds,   setBounds,   setBoundsOp,   setComponentOrientation,   setCursor,   setDropTarget,   setEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys_NoIDCheck,   setFocusable,   setFont,   setForeground,   setGraphicsConfiguration,   setIgnoreRepaint,   setLocale,   setLocation,   setLocation,   setMaximumSize,   setMinimumSize,   setName,   setPreferredSize,   setRequestFocusController,   setSize,   setSize,   setVisible,   show,   show,   size,   subtractAndApplyShape,   subtractAndApplyShapeBelowMe,   toString,   transferFocus,   transferFocus,   transferFocusBackward,   transferFocusBackward,   transferFocusUpCycle,   update,   updateCursorImmediately,   updateGraphicsData,   updateZOrder,   validate
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from javax.swing.JMenuBar Detail:
 public JMenu add(JMenu c) 
    Appends the specified menu to the end of the menu bar.
 public  void addNotify() 
    Overrides JComponent.addNotify to register this menu bar with the current keyboard manager.
 public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext() 
    Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this JMenuBar. For JMenuBars, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleJMenuBar. A new AccessibleJMenuBar instance is created if necessary.
 public Component getComponent() 
    Implemented to be a MenuElement. Returns this object.
 public Component getComponentAtIndex(int i) 
Deprecated! replaced - by getComponent(int i)

    Returns the component at the specified index.
 public int getComponentIndex(Component c) 
    Returns the index of the specified component.
 public JMenu getHelpMenu() 
    Gets the help menu for the menu bar. This method is not yet implemented and will throw an exception.
 public Insets getMargin() 
    Returns the margin between the menubar's border and its menus. If there is no previous margin, it will create a default margin with zero size.
 public JMenu getMenu(int index) 
    Returns the menu at the specified position in the menu bar.
 public int getMenuCount() 
    Returns the number of items in the menu bar.
 public SingleSelectionModel getSelectionModel() 
    Returns the model object that handles single selections.
 public MenuElement[] getSubElements() 
    Implemented to be a MenuElement -- returns the menus in this menu bar. This is the reason for implementing the MenuElement interface -- so that the menu bar can be treated the same as other menu elements.
 public MenuBarUI getUI() 
    Returns the menubar's current UI.
 public String getUIClassID() 
    Returns the name of the L&F class that renders this component.
 public boolean isBorderPainted() 
    Returns true if the menu bars border should be painted.
 public boolean isSelected() 
    Returns true if the menu bar currently has a component selected.
 public  void menuSelectionChanged(boolean isIncluded) 
    Implemented to be a MenuElement -- does nothing.
 protected  void paintBorder(Graphics g) 
    Paints the menubar's border if BorderPainted property is true.
 protected String paramString() 
    Returns a string representation of this JMenuBar. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.
 static boolean processBindingForKeyStrokeRecursive(MenuElement elem,
    KeyStroke ks,
    KeyEvent e,
    int condition,
    boolean pressed) 
 protected boolean processKeyBinding(KeyStroke ks,
    KeyEvent e,
    int condition,
    boolean pressed) 
    Subclassed to check all the child menus.
 public  void processKeyEvent(KeyEvent e,
    MenuElement[] path,
    MenuSelectionManager manager) 
    Implemented to be a MenuElement -- does nothing.
 public  void processMouseEvent(MouseEvent event,
    MenuElement[] path,
    MenuSelectionManager manager) 
    Implemented to be a MenuElement -- does nothing.
 public  void removeNotify() 
    Overrides JComponent.removeNotify to unregister this menu bar with the current keyboard manager.
 public  void setBorderPainted(boolean b) 
    Sets whether the border should be painted.
 public  void setHelpMenu(JMenu menu) 
    Sets the help menu that appears when the user selects the "help" option in the menu bar. This method is not yet implemented and will throw an exception.
 public  void setMargin(Insets m) 
    Sets the margin between the menubar's border and its menus. Setting to null will cause the menubar to use the default margins.
 public  void setSelected(Component sel) 
    Sets the currently selected component, producing a a change to the selection model.
 public  void setSelectionModel(SingleSelectionModel model) 
    Sets the model object to handle single selections.
 public  void setUI(MenuBarUI ui) 
    Sets the L&F object that renders this component.
 public  void updateUI() 
    Resets the UI property with a value from the current look and feel.