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public interface: Chain [javadoc | source]

All Implemented Interfaces:

All Known Implementing Classes:
    TestChain, ChainBase

A Chain represents a configured list of Command s that will be executed in order to perform processing on a specified Context . Each included Command will be executed in turn, until either one of them returns true, one of the executed Command s throws an exception, or the end of the chain has been reached. The Chain itself will return the return value of the last Command that was executed (if no exception was thrown), or rethrow the thrown exception.

Note that Chain extends Command , so that the two can be used interchangeably when a Command is expected. This makes it easy to assemble workflows in a hierarchical manner by combining subchains into an overall processing chain.

To protect applications from evolution of this interface, specialized implementations of Chain should generally be created by extending the provided base class org.apache.commons.chain.impl.ChainBase ) rather than directly implementing this interface.

Chain implementations should be designed in a thread-safe manner, suitable for execution on multiple threads simultaneously. In general, this implies that the state information identifying which Command is currently being executed should be maintained in a local variable inside the execute() method, rather than in an instance variable. The Command s in a Chain may be configured (via calls to addCommand()) at any time before the execute() method of the Chain is first called. After that, the configuration of the Chain is frozen.

Method from org.apache.commons.chain.Chain Summary:
addCommand,   execute
Method from org.apache.commons.chain.Chain Detail:
 public  void addCommand(Command command)

    Add a Command to the list of Command s that will be called in turn when this Chain 's execute() method is called. Once execute() has been called at least once, it is no longer possible to add additional Command s; instead, an exception will be thrown.

 public boolean execute(Context context) throws Exception

    Execute the processing represented by this Chain according to the following algorithm.

    • If there are no configured Command s in the Chain , return false.
    • Call the execute() method of each Command configured on this chain, in the order they were added via calls to the addCommand() method, until the end of the configured Command s is encountered, or until one of the executed Command s returns true or throws an exception.
    • Walk backwards through the Command s whose execute() methods, starting with the last one that was executed. If this Command instance is also a Filter , call its postprocess() method, discarding any exception that is thrown.
    • If the last Command whose execute() method was called threw an exception, rethrow that exception.
    • Otherwise, return the value returned by the execute() method of the last Command that was executed. This will be true if the last Command indicated that processing of this Context has been completed, or false if none of the called Command s returned true.