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org.quartz
public class: CronExpression [javadoc | source]
java.lang.Object
   org.quartz.CronExpression

All Implemented Interfaces:
    Cloneable, Serializable

Provides a parser and evaluator for unix-like cron expressions. Cron expressions provide the ability to specify complex time combinations such as "At 8:00am every Monday through Friday" or "At 1:30am every last Friday of the month".

Cron expressions are comprised of 6 required fields and one optional field separated by white space. The fields respectively are described as follows:
Field Name   Allowed Values   Allowed Special Characters
Seconds   0-59   , - * /
Minutes   0-59   , - * /
Hours   0-23   , - * /
Day-of-month   1-31   , - * ? / L W
Month   1-12 or JAN-DEC   , - * /
Day-of-Week   1-7 or SUN-SAT   , - * ? / L #
Year (Optional)   empty, 1970-2099   , - * /

The '*' character is used to specify all values. For example, "*" in the minute field means "every minute".

The '?' character is allowed for the day-of-month and day-of-week fields. It is used to specify 'no specific value'. This is useful when you need to specify something in one of the two fileds, but not the other.

The '-' character is used to specify ranges For example "10-12" in the hour field means "the hours 10, 11 and 12".

The ',' character is used to specify additional values. For example "MON,WED,FRI" in the day-of-week field means "the days Monday, Wednesday, and Friday".

The '/' character is used to specify increments. For example "0/15" in the seconds field means "the seconds 0, 15, 30, and 45". And "5/15" in the seconds field means "the seconds 5, 20, 35, and 50". Specifying '*' before the '/' is equivalent to specifying 0 is the value to start with. Essentially, for each field in the expression, there is a set of numbers that can be turned on or off. For seconds and minutes, the numbers range from 0 to 59. For hours 0 to 23, for days of the month 0 to 31, and for months 1 to 12. The "/" character simply helps you turn on every "nth" value in the given set. Thus "7/6" in the month field only turns on month "7", it does NOT mean every 6th month, please note that subtlety.

The 'L' character is allowed for the day-of-month and day-of-week fields. This character is short-hand for "last", but it has different meaning in each of the two fields. For example, the value "L" in the day-of-month field means "the last day of the month" - day 31 for January, day 28 for February on non-leap years. If used in the day-of-week field by itself, it simply means "7" or "SAT". But if used in the day-of-week field after another value, it means "the last xxx day of the month" - for example "6L" means "the last friday of the month". When using the 'L' option, it is important not to specify lists, or ranges of values, as you'll get confusing results.

The 'W' character is allowed for the day-of-month field. This character is used to specify the weekday (Monday-Friday) nearest the given day. As an example, if you were to specify "15W" as the value for the day-of-month field, the meaning is: "the nearest weekday to the 15th of the month". So if the 15th is a Saturday, the trigger will fire on Friday the 14th. If the 15th is a Sunday, the trigger will fire on Monday the 16th. If the 15th is a Tuesday, then it will fire on Tuesday the 15th. However if you specify "1W" as the value for day-of-month, and the 1st is a Saturday, the trigger will fire on Monday the 3rd, as it will not 'jump' over the boundary of a month's days. The 'W' character can only be specified when the day-of-month is a single day, not a range or list of days.

The 'L' and 'W' characters can also be combined for the day-of-month expression to yield 'LW', which translates to "last weekday of the month".

The '#' character is allowed for the day-of-week field. This character is used to specify "the nth" XXX day of the month. For example, the value of "6#3" in the day-of-week field means the third Friday of the month (day 6 = Friday and "#3" = the 3rd one in the month). Other examples: "2#1" = the first Monday of the month and "4#5" = the fifth Wednesday of the month. Note that if you specify "#5" and there is not 5 of the given day-of-week in the month, then no firing will occur that month.

The legal characters and the names of months and days of the week are not case sensitive.

NOTES:

Field Summary
protected static final  int SECOND     
protected static final  int MINUTE     
protected static final  int HOUR     
protected static final  int DAY_OF_MONTH     
protected static final  int MONTH     
protected static final  int DAY_OF_WEEK     
protected static final  int YEAR     
protected static final  int ALL_SPEC_INT     
protected static final  int NO_SPEC_INT     
protected static final  Integer ALL_SPEC     
protected static final  Integer NO_SPEC     
protected static  Map monthMap     
protected static  Map dayMap     
protected transient  TreeSet seconds     
protected transient  TreeSet minutes     
protected transient  TreeSet hours     
protected transient  TreeSet daysOfMonth     
protected transient  TreeSet months     
protected transient  TreeSet daysOfWeek     
protected transient  TreeSet years     
protected transient  boolean lastdayOfWeek     
protected transient  int nthdayOfWeek     
protected transient  boolean lastdayOfMonth     
protected transient  boolean nearestWeekday     
protected transient  boolean expressionParsed     
Constructor:
 public CronExpression(String cronExpression) throws ParseException 
    Constructs a new CronExpression based on the specified parameter.
    Parameters:
    cronExpression - String representation of the cron expression the new object should represent
    Throws:
    java.text.ParseException - if the string expression cannot be parsed into a valid CronExpression
Method from org.quartz.CronExpression Summary:
addToSet,   buildExpression,   checkNext,   clone,   findNextWhiteSpace,   getCronExpression,   getDayOfWeekNumber,   getExpressionSetSummary,   getExpressionSetSummary,   getExpressionSummary,   getFinalFireTime,   getLastDayOfMonth,   getMonthNumber,   getNextInvalidTimeAfter,   getNextValidTimeAfter,   getNumericValue,   getSet,   getTimeAfter,   getTimeBefore,   getTimeZone,   getValue,   isLeapYear,   isSatisfiedBy,   isValidExpression,   setCalendarHour,   setTimeZone,   skipWhiteSpace,   storeExpressionVals,   toString
Methods from java.lang.Object:
equals,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from org.quartz.CronExpression Detail:
 protected  void addToSet(int val,
    int end,
    int incr,
    int type) throws ParseException 
 protected  void buildExpression(String expression) throws ParseException 
 protected int checkNext(int pos,
    String s,
    int val,
    int type) throws ParseException 
 public Object clone() 
 protected int findNextWhiteSpace(int i,
    String s) 
 public String getCronExpression() 
 protected int getDayOfWeekNumber(String s) 
 protected String getExpressionSetSummary(Set set) 
 protected String getExpressionSetSummary(ArrayList list) 
 public String getExpressionSummary() 
 public Date getFinalFireTime() 
    NOT YET IMPLEMENTED: Returns the final time that the CronExpression will match.
 protected int getLastDayOfMonth(int monthNum,
    int year) 
 protected int getMonthNumber(String s) 
 public Date getNextInvalidTimeAfter(Date date) 
    Returns the next date/time after the given date/time which does not satisfy the expression
 public Date getNextValidTimeAfter(Date date) 
    Returns the next date/time after the given date/time which satisfies the cron expression.
 protected int getNumericValue(String s,
    int i) 
 protected TreeSet getSet(int type) 
 protected Date getTimeAfter(Date afterTime) 
 protected Date getTimeBefore(Date endTime) 
    NOT YET IMPLEMENTED: Returns the time before the given time that the CronExpression matches.
 public TimeZone getTimeZone() 
    Returns the time zone for which this CronExpression will be resolved.
 protected ValueSet getValue(int v,
    String s,
    int i) 
 protected boolean isLeapYear(int year) 
 public boolean isSatisfiedBy(Date date) 
    Indicates whether the given date satisfies the cron expression. Note that milliseconds are ignored, so two Dates falling on different milliseconds of the same second will always have the same result here.
 public static boolean isValidExpression(String cronExpression) 
    Indicates whether the specified cron expression can be parsed into a valid cron expression
 protected  void setCalendarHour(Calendar cal,
    int hour) 
    Advance the calendar to the particular hour paying particular attention to daylight saving problems.
 public  void setTimeZone(TimeZone timeZone) 
    Sets the time zone for which this CronExpression will be resolved.
 protected int skipWhiteSpace(int i,
    String s) 
 protected int storeExpressionVals(int pos,
    String s,
    int type) throws ParseException 
 public String toString() 
    Returns the string representation of the CronExpression