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abstract public class: CharacterDecoder [javadoc | source]

Direct Known Subclasses:
    BASE64Decoder, UUDecoder, UCDecoder

This class defines the decoding half of character encoders. A character decoder is an algorithim for transforming 8 bit binary data that has been encoded into text by a character encoder, back into original binary form. The character encoders, in general, have been structured around a central theme that binary data can be encoded into text that has the form:
     [Buffer Prefix]
     [Line Prefix][encoded data atoms][Line Suffix]
     [Buffer Suffix]
Of course in the simplest encoding schemes, the buffer has no distinct prefix of suffix, however all have some fixed relationship between the text in an 'atom' and the binary data itself. In the CharacterEncoder and CharacterDecoder classes, one complete chunk of data is referred to as a buffer. Encoded buffers are all text, and decoded buffers (sometimes just referred to as buffers) are binary octets. To create a custom decoder, you must, at a minimum, overide three abstract methods in this class.
bytesPerAtom which tells the decoder how many bytes to expect from decodeAtom
decodeAtom which decodes the bytes sent to it as text.
bytesPerLine which tells the encoder the maximum number of bytes per line.
In general, the character decoders return error in the form of a CEFormatException. The syntax of the detail string is
     DecoderClassName: Error message.
Several useful decoders have already been written and are referenced in the See Also list below.
Method from sun.misc.CharacterDecoder Summary:
bytesPerAtom,   bytesPerLine,   decodeAtom,   decodeBuffer,   decodeBuffer,   decodeBuffer,   decodeBufferPrefix,   decodeBufferSuffix,   decodeBufferToByteBuffer,   decodeBufferToByteBuffer,   decodeLinePrefix,   decodeLineSuffix,   readFully
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from sun.misc.CharacterDecoder Detail:
 abstract protected int bytesPerAtom()
    Return the number of bytes per atom of decoding
 abstract protected int bytesPerLine()
    Return the maximum number of bytes that can be encoded per line
 protected  void decodeAtom(PushbackInputStream aStream,
    OutputStream bStream,
    int l) throws IOException 
    This method does an actual decode. It takes the decoded bytes and writes them to the OutputStream. The integer l tells the method how many bytes are required. This is always <= bytesPerAtom().
 public byte[] decodeBuffer(String inputString) throws IOException 
    Alternate decode interface that takes a String containing the encoded buffer and returns a byte array containing the data.
 public byte[] decodeBuffer(InputStream in) throws IOException 
    Decode the contents of the inputstream into a buffer.
 public  void decodeBuffer(InputStream aStream,
    OutputStream bStream) throws IOException 
    Decode the text from the InputStream and write the decoded octets to the OutputStream. This method runs until the stream is exhausted.
 protected  void decodeBufferPrefix(PushbackInputStream aStream,
    OutputStream bStream) throws IOException 
    decode the beginning of the buffer, by default this is a NOP.
 protected  void decodeBufferSuffix(PushbackInputStream aStream,
    OutputStream bStream) throws IOException 
    decode the buffer suffix, again by default it is a NOP.
 public ByteBuffer decodeBufferToByteBuffer(String inputString) throws IOException 
    Decode the contents of the String into a ByteBuffer.
 public ByteBuffer decodeBufferToByteBuffer(InputStream in) throws IOException 
    Decode the contents of the inputStream into a ByteBuffer.
 protected int decodeLinePrefix(PushbackInputStream aStream,
    OutputStream bStream) throws IOException 
    This method should return, if it knows, the number of bytes that will be decoded. Many formats such as uuencoding provide this information. By default we return the maximum bytes that could have been encoded on the line.
 protected  void decodeLineSuffix(PushbackInputStream aStream,
    OutputStream bStream) throws IOException 
    This method post processes the line, if there are error detection or correction codes in a line, they are generally processed by this method. The simplest version of this method looks for the (newline) character.
 protected int readFully(InputStream in,
    byte[] buffer,
    int offset,
    int len) throws IOException 
    This method works around the bizarre semantics of BufferedInputStream's read method.